The fodder is an important animal feed during Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) Cowpeas were transported via ships that carried distressed slaves to the Caribbean Basin. Beyond Africa Cowpea is an important crop in some tropical American countries, especially in northeastern Brazil. The earliest records of cowpea use date back to Jamaica around 1675, its use in America has been dated back to 1714 around Florida. : Cowpea has been a staple crop and important protein source for many cultures since the Roman Empire. Dried seeds are consumed after cooking. security and income. In culinary traditions, cowpeas were important complementary dietary items to traditional grain-based meals, as they are packed with protein. Cowpea also has different seed coat colors such as black, red, and cream. The pods of these beans are called Lobia or Cowpeas. It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, Crowder Bean, Field Pea and Crowder Pea. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world.Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. Thomas Jefferson is credited with first using the name cowpea. Cowpea is a warm weather crop which grows at temperatures between 20c to 30c. Walp.) The seeds can be consumed fresh along with the pods and leaves as a vegetable. Cowpea or black-eyed pea (Phaseolus Aureus) is a certain type of bean, which have a little oval structure with black eye on it. Roman writers such as Pliny referred to it as phaseolus. (2006) emphasized that all parts of the plant used as food are nutritious providing protein and vitamins, immature pods and peas Cowpea can be grown on a wide range of soil, from predominantly sandy loam to clay ranging from acidic to basic (pH 4.5 - 8.0). Islam et al. ... Another important benefit of eating cowpeas is its natural detoxifying properties. Cowpeas are added in the cuisines of South Indian. seed, young leaves or seed and pod. Land Preparation Out of the 12.5 million hectare cultivated to cowpea worldwide, Singh . The plant can be used as a forage or for hay or silage. … The following write-up details about Cowpea farming techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices.. Cowpea Farming. Despite the importance of cowpea (Vigna unguculata L. Cowpea, popularly known as blackeye pea, is an important grain legume in South Africa and many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. Green cowpea seeds are boiled as a fresh vegetable, or may be canned or frozen. Cowpea is one of the most important and widely cultivated legumes in the world particularly in Africa (Verdcourt 1970). Cowpea is a warm weather and drought resistant crop. While the beans are the primary focus of the cowpea plant, the leaves, pea pods, and green peas are also edible and can deliver a powerful burst of nutrients and minerals to the human body. Sandy to clay loam soil and well drained with a pH of 6-7 Cowpea are highly sensitive to water logging. is an important grain legume in the semi-arid zone of West Africa as it is a major source of dietary protein for the people. It can be of various species like red, creamy white, black, brown, and so on. Cowpea can be used at all stages of growth as a vegetable crop. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. COWPEA SUBMITTED BY M. Vinekar RAM /16-07. Cowpea is an important legume crop in the dry savannas of Africa, especially West Africa. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. Cowpea is used as the fodder for livestock or animals. is an important food legume and an integral part of traditional cropping systems in the semi-arid regions of the tropics.The estimated worldwide area under cowpea is about 14 million ha of which West Africa alone accounts for about 9.3 million ha with annual production of about 2.9 Mt. It is suitable for sub-Saharan Africa due to its ability to grow in adverse climatic conditions where other legumes cannot flourish well. The importance of cowpea Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Cowpeas have high amounts of dietary fibre, which can cleanse your stomach and free it from the unnecessary bulk. COWPEA 1. It is the most important pulse crop, particularly in regions with low rainfall. The primary aim of this research - to improve the knowledge about the potential importance of P. brachyurus on cowpea in Brazil – was achieved though experiments developed under controlled conditions, which demonstrated that P. brachyurus actually is pathogenic and affected significantly the growth of cowpea plant. Cowpea is of vital importance to the livelihood of several million of people in east and central Africa [4]. It is also rich in potassium and provides calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin pantothenic acid and vitamins A, C and B6. Aims and Objectives of the Study It is consumed in many forms. 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