However, there also are many private schools operating within the state. In that contextual, paper also describe the level trends and pattern of the land use through geospatial and demographic techniques. [108], Sikkim's roads are maintained by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), an offshoot of the Indian Army. [126] Other religious minorities include Muslims of Bihari ethnicity and Jains, who each account for roughly one percent of the population. Avyakta, Bilokan, the Journal of Hill Research, Khaber Khagaj, Panda, and the Sikkim Science Society Newsletter are among other registered publications.[142]. A month later, the 36th Amendment repealed the 35th Amendment, and made Sikkim a full state, adding its name to the First Schedule of the Constitution. Most of the inhabited regions of Sikkim experience a temperate climate, with temperatures seldom exceeding 28 °C (82 °F) in summer. Despite pressures from an India "bent on annexation", Chogyal Palden Thondup Namgyal was able to preserve autonomy and shape a "model Asian state" where the literacy rate and per capita income were twice as high as neighbouring Nepal, Bhutan and India. 'The Tea Horse Road from Lhasa to Sikkim'. ", Indian Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Four New Strategies to Grow the Organic Agriculture Sector", "Sikkim becomes India's first organic state", "Ban on styrofoam products and on use of mineral water bottles in government functions and meetings in Sikkim", "How Sikkim became the cleanest state in India", "Welcome to Sikkim – General Information", Rose, Modernizing a Traditional Administrative System 1978, Duff, Sikkim: Requiem for a Himalayan Kingdom 2015, "Nehru accepted Tibet as a part of China: Rajnath", "China backs India's bid for U.N. Council seat", "Himalayan quake toll climbs to 116, 40 stranded foreign tourists rescued", "Earthquake toll over 80; India 68; as rescue teams reach quake epicentre", "First commission on study of glaciers launched by Sikkim", "Judge strengths in High Courts increased", "Sikkim Assembly election results 2019: Full list of winners", "Sikkim Assembly Elections 2019: All You Need to Know", "In Gangtok, Ganga Prasad takes oath as new Governor of Sikkim, replaces Shriniwas Patil", "Information of Foreign Tourist Interest", "Integrating ethnobiological knowledge into biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas", "Evaluating high-altitude Ramsar wetlands in the Sikkim Eastern Himalayas", "State Animals, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India", "Indian online gambling market set to open up", "India China border trade at Nathu La closed for this year", "Sikkim's Pakyong airport stuns before it flies", "Sikkim's first airport to be ready by 2014", "First commercial flight lands at Pakyong", "Patel word on speedy airport completion—Sikkim hopes for spurt in tourist inflow", "Finally, Sevoke-Rangpo railway link on track", Indian Railways new Sivok-Rangpo rail project: Travel from West Bengal to Sikkim in just 2 hours, Very soon, travelling to Sikkim by train will be a possibility, "Sikkim becomes first state to achieve 100 percent sanitation", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "State-wise: Population, GSDP, Per Capita Income and Growth Rate", "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011", "Census of India – Religious Composition", "C-1 Population By Religious Community – Sikkim", "Sleepy capital comes alive to beats of GenX", "In the process of Constitutional democracy, Sikkim has not lagged behind-Governor", "Hon'ble Governor of Sikkim inaugurated "PARAM Kanchenjunga" at NIT Sikkim". The climate pattern is moist tropical to moist sub-tropical, with average state rainfall 254 centimetres (100 in) per annum. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). As of 2014[update], the state had the third-smallest GDP among Indian states,[10] although it is also among the fastest-growing. [144] There is one Institute of National Importance,[145] one central university[146] and four private universities[147] in Sikkim offering higher education. Trade through the pass remains hampered by Sikkim's limited infrastructure and government restrictions in both India and China, though the volume of traded goods has been steadily increasing.[91][92]. All of the housing reports in this database have been contributed by volunteers. Ropeways, which are similar to ski lifts, also have been provided at many points. [citation needed]. India is said to have stationed 20,000–40,000 troops in a country of only 200,000 during the referendum. On 8 December 2008, it was announced that Sikkim had become the first state in India to achieve 100 per cent sanitation coverage, becoming completely free of public defecation, thus attaining the status of "Nirmal State". Online media covering Sikkim include the Nepali newspaper Himgiri, the English news portal Haalkhabar and the literary magazine Tistarangit. However, the traditional house building in Sikkim may be mentioned here. use pattern of Gangtok town. These two observations are documented as under- 1. [120] The native Sikkimese consist of the Bhutias, who migrated from the Kham district of Tibet in the 14th century, and the Lepchas, who are believed to pre-date the Bhutias and are the oldest known inhabitants. [12][13][14][15] It is also among India's most environmentally conscious states, having banned plastic water bottles "in any government functions and meetings" and polystyrene products (throughout the state). In the temperate elevations above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) there are Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests, where oaks, chestnuts, maples, birches, alders, and magnolias grow in large numbers, as well as Himalayan subtropical pine forests, dominated by Chir pine. The sex ratio is 889 females per 1,000 males, with a total of 321,661 males and 286,027 females recorded in 2011. Chungthang, Dzongu, Kabi and Mangan are the subdivisions of the North district. The treaty established Sikkim as a princely state under British paramountcy (though leaving the issue of sovereignty undefined), and the British were given rights of free trade and of road making through Sikkim to Tibet. Fog affects many parts of the state during winter and the monsoons, making transportation perilous.[61]. Other languages include Dzongkha, Groma, Hindi, Majhi, Majhwar, Thulung, Tibetan, and Yakha. Considering the gradual decline in the interest level of young students to pursue careers in the field of S & T in the country, there is a pressing need to strengthen STEM (science, technology, engineering & mathematics) education by creating additional infrastructure for hands-on and engaging activities, especially in non-formal mode of education. The town's population of 100,000 are from different ethnicities such as Bhutia, Lepchas and Indian Gorkhas. These produce, most notably, processed foods (including liquor), watches and watch jewels, and small electronics parts. [72][73] The forested regions of the state exhibit a diverse range of fauna and flora. Sikkim has embarked on the path of developing strategies to remain carbon neutral. [53], Sikkim's hot springs are renowned for their medicinal and therapeutic values. [133] Christmas has been promoted in Gangtok to attract tourists during the off-season. The average annual temperature for most of Sikkim is around 18 °C (64 °F). Yak herders in North Sikkim and scientists observed that climate change has disturbed the seasonal migration pattern of the yak and quality of fodder. As of 2014, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Sikkim is the largest Christian denomination in Sikkim. Funding pattern 90:10. [96][97] The airport is capable of operating ATR aircraft.[98]. Are State Share and ULB share in line with proposed Mission approach? Internet cafés are well established in the district capitals, but broadband connectivity is not widely available. Rural Housing Schemes in India 2020. Important local dailies and weeklies include Hamro Prajashakti (Nepali daily), Himalayan Mirror (English daily), the Samay Dainik, Sikkim Express (English), Kanchanjunga Times (Nepali weekly), Pragya Khabar (Nepali weekly) and Himali Bela. Sikkim receives most of its electricity from 19 hydroelectric power stations. The closest major railway stations are Siliguri Junction and New Jalpaiguri in neighbouring West Bengal. [13][14][15][12], In recent years, the government of Sikkim has extensively promoted tourism. [86] Power is also obtained from the National Thermal Power Corporation and Power Grid Corporation of India.

Sikkim, one of the smallest state of the country with a total geographical of areas of 7096 km also harbors some such sacred areas with religious and/or historical background.  There area sacred groves reported in all part of the state.  All the sacred groves are attached to the local monasteries (Gumpas), dedicated to the deities and managed by the Gumpa authority or Lamas, or often Eight Mountain passes connect the state to Tibet, Bhutan and Nepal. The consequent changes are impacting yak milk productivity and reproduction and leading to drudgery, disease infestation, and mortality of yaks. The capital is Gangtok, in the southeastern part of the state. However, ties between Sikkim and the British weakened when the latter began taxation of the Morang region. The Namgyal Institute of Tibetology (1958), in Gangtok, has one of the largest collections of Tibetan books in the world. [86] Sikkim has furthermore invested in a fledgling gambling industry promoting both casinos and online gambling. Photo not … In urban areas many people have settled which are engaged in business and government services. A branch of the highway from Melli connects western Sikkim. [67], Sikkim has four districts – East Sikkim, North Sikkim, South Sikkim and West Sikkim. In that contextual, paper also describe the level trends and pattern of the land use through geospatial and demographic techniques. About Sikkim. [63] The Gangtok helipad is the only civilian helipad in the state. Buddhism is followed by 27.4% of the population, while Christianity is followed by 9.9%. Department Contact Information. [139], In 1957, a Nepali monthly magazine Kanchenjunga was the first news outlet for the masses in Sikkim. The Nepalese attacked Sikkim, overrunning most of the region including the Terai. The state government maintains 1,857 kilometres (1,154 mi) of roadways that do not fall under the BRO's jurisdiction.[109]. [149] The NIT Sikkim also has state of art super computing facility named PARAM Kanchenjunga which is said to be fastest among all 31 NITs. [123] There are many Hindu temples throughout the state.[124]. The state government has promoted biogas and solar power for cooking, but these have received a poor response and are used mostly for lighting purposes. The airport is located about 124 km (77 mi) from Gangtok, and frequent buses connect the two. [41] On 16 May 1975, Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union, and the monarchy was abolished. 100% Verified Properties. [80], Sikkim's nominal state gross domestic product (GDP) was estimated at US$1.57 billion in 2014 constituting the third-smallest GDP among India's 28 states. Sikkim, state of India, located in the northeastern part of the country, in the eastern Himalayas. 3 UNFCCC CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPACTS, VULNERABILITIES AND ADAPTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I. - Chapter 11. Date of sanction of the project : 9 th Dec 2014 Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia By James Minahan, 2012,, Kanchenjunga and Sikkim Press: How Media Started Its Practice in Sikkim, the third-smallest GDP among Indian states, Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests, Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, third-smallest GDP among India's 28 states, List of institutions of higher education in Sikkim, National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology (NIELIT), Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, "2011 Census reference tables – total population", "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", "Sikkim claims India's first mixed-criteria UNESCO World Heritage Site", "Why is Sikkim's merger with India being questioned by China? Of the approximately 1,438 butterfly species found in the Indian subcontinent, 695 have been recorded in Sikkim. Within each district, local headmen serve as liaisons between the people and the district administration. Sikkim has a rich and varied animal life, including black bears, brown bears, red pandas, numerous species of deer, blue sheep, gorals (small goatlike mammals), and Tibetan antelope. The official languages of the state are English, Nepali, Sikkimese and Lepcha. Culture • The Mizos are usually settled which means they have a well organized community and houses that reflect this lifestyle. The legendary Abominable Snowman, or yeti, called Nee-gued in Sikkim, is believed to roam its slopes. [119], The majority of Sikkim's residents are of Nepali ethnic origin. Sikkim is blessed by a fertile land that largely supports agriculture. A state council was established in 1953 to allow for constitutional government under the Chogyal. Phone No: 03592-202726 . The springs, which have a high sulphur content, are located near river banks; some are known to emit hydrogen. The party sent a plate of demands to the palace, including a demand for accession to India. for its very low crime rate. There is a notable Christian minority in Sikkim, as well as a tiny community of Muslims. The chogyal was unable to hold his ground, however. Omissions? The total population of Sikkim has grown from 5,40,851 in 2001 to 6,10,577 in 2011 implying a decadal growth rate of 12.89 per cent, which is way below the national average of around 17 per cent. The main service providers include Dish TV, Doordarshan and Nayuma. The public-private funded institution is the Sikkim Manipal University of Technological Sciences, which offers higher education in engineering, medicine and management. The state is divided into a handful of districts. The World Housing Encyclopedia (WHE) is a collection of resources related to housing construction practices in the seismically active areas of the world. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [20] According to folklore, after establishing Rabdentse as his new capital, Bhutia king Tensung Namgyal built a palace and asked his Limbu Queen to name it. Agriculture Department; Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services Department But the traditional houses, as referred by Capt. Diarrheal diseases (including cholera), respiratory infections of various sorts, hepatitis, and family-planning issues remain among Sikkim’s principal health concerns. Sikkim’s cultural life, though showing strong Tibetan influences, retains a character derived from the various tribes of Sikkim and their pre-Buddhist customs. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Before October 2018, the closest operational airport to Sikkim was Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri in northern West Bengal. It is one of the smallest states in India. Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. Remote sensing techniques have been used for extracting different thematic details including landslide zones, roads, stream network, land use/ land cover pattern from satellite data of IRS 1D LISS III bands 2, 3 and 4. During the Losar (Tibetan New Year), most offices and educational institutions are closed for a week. It is located in the East District of Sikkim, lies between 27.33° N latitude and 88.62°E longitude. 2. [113][114], Sikkim is India's least populous state, with 610,577 inhabitants according to the 2011 census. [43], In 2000, the seventeenth Karmapa, Urgyen Trinley Dorje, who had been confirmed by the Dalai Lama and accepted as a tulku by the Chinese government, escaped from Tibet, seeking to return to the Rumtek Monastery in Sikkim. The party subsequently launched a campaign to obtain greater political liberties and rights, and the chogyal attempted to suppress the movement. Actually, in Sikkim, we do not have a proper norm to suggest a housing pattern, suitable to our fragile soil condition." [18] The Tibetan name for Sikkim is Drenjong (Wylie-transliteration: 'bras ljongs), which means "valley of rice",[19] while the Bhutias call it Beyul Demazong, which means '"the hidden valley of rice". Diversity, distribution pattern and utilization of bamboos in Sikkim Bishnu Kumar Sharma1*, Musadiq Hussain Bhat2, Mufida Fayaz2, ... Bamboos are traditionally important in supplying housing, tools and other implements, musical instruments and other handicrafts (McClure 1966). The Government of Sikkim has already established free e-learning Computer Centre for its citizens to prepare them to embrace plethora of IT and ICT interventions that Smart Cities Mission will be launching in the days to come, says Navin Rai, Joint Chief Town Planner, Nodal Officer- Smart Cities Mission, Urban Development and Housing Department, Government of Sikkim, in conversation with … Nestling in the Himalayan mountains, the state of Sikkim is characterised by mountainous terrain. Prior to Sikkim's becoming a part of the Indian Union, Vajrayana Buddhism was the state religion under the Chogyal. km. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Sikkim's geographical and environmental conditions are conducive for development of floriculture at a higher altitude. Sikkim is blessed by a fertile land that largely supports agriculture. This type of soil tends to support evergreen and deciduous forests. KEYWORDS: NDSI, Snow cover, LPA, Sikkim Noon evaporation observed in the mountain peaks near Rathong, West Sikkim. Invest Sikkim. C. HANDMADE PAPER UNIT AT MELLI, SOUTH SIKKIM. Since this state is a part of China’s border area, there are various regions where entry is forbidden for foreigners. In addition, a small mining industry exists in Sikkim extracting minerals such as copper, dolomite, talc, graphite, quartzite, coal, zinc, and lead. Sikkim has more than 550 species of birds, some of which have been declared endangered. The construction work assigned to the Buildings & Housing Department, Government of Sikkim has already commenced. [102] The five-station line is intended to support both economic development and Indian Army operations and was initially planned to be completed by 2015,[103][104] though as of 2013 its construction has met with delays. The Lepcha people, the original inhabitants of Sikkim, called it Nye-mae-el, meaning "paradise". PMAY, also referred to as the ‘Housing for All by 2022’ scheme, is being implemented in seven mission towns in Sikkim namely Gangtok, Mangan, Singtam, … Constitution of the Board. Urban Transport. LIC that is called Life Insurance Corporation conducts examinations in Housing Finance Limited (HFL) to recruit for the vacant positions of the administrative team of the Corporation. Higher education is available at a number of institutions, including the Sikkim Manipal University of Health, Medical and Technological Sciences (1995) in Gangtok, as well as smaller colleges offering degrees in law, engineering, teaching, religious studies, and other fields. Copper, lead, and zinc are mined in Sikkim. Author of. Nepali rock and Lepcha music are also popular. Find upcoming residential projects in East Sikkim District, Sikkim within your budget with real photos, aerial view and 3d floor plans only on [39] In other respects, Sikkim retained administrative autonomy. [51] About a third of the state is heavily forested. He was not only mentioning the housing pattern alone but also the materials used for constructing that type of houses. [3] English is taught in schools and used in government documents. With around 98,000 inhabitants as of 2011, the capital Gangtok is the most significant urban area in the mostly rural state; in 2005, the urban population in Sikkim constituted around 11.06 per cent of the total. Nearly 81 per cent of the area of Sikkim comes under the administration of its forest department. Sikkim Statistics; List of Block Administrative Centres; List of Police Stations; List of Health Centers; List of Schools; List of Food Godown; List of Sub Divisional Magistrate; MY GOVERNMENT MY … [65][66] The current Governor of Sikkim is Ganga Prasad. Alpine-type vegetation is typically found between an altitude of 3,500 to 5,000 metres (11,500 to 16,400 ft). Round the year, Sikkim welcomes various tourists from different regions of India as well as the world. In a special referendum held in 1975, more than 97 percent of the electorate voted for the merger of Sikkim with India. The Kanchenjunga National Park (established in 1977), near the peak from which it draws its name, is among the largest of India’s high-elevation conservation areas. Our Company the Housing and Urban Development Corporation Ltd (HUDCO), the premier techno-financing public sector enterprise, in the field of housing and infrastructure development in our country. [152] Many students, however, migrate to Siliguri, Kolkata, Bangalore and other Indian cities for their higher education. In the 1994 elections, Pawan Kumar Chamling of the Sikkim Democratic Front became the Chief Minister of the state. Sikkim is one of the world’s principal producers of cardamom. [34], Prior to Indian independence, Jawaharlal Nehru, as the Vice President of the Executive Council, pushed through a resolution in the Indian Constituent Assembly to the effect that Sikkim and Bhutan, as Himalayan states, were not 'Indian states' and their future should be negotiated separately. As a result, state revenue has increased 14 times since the mid-1990s. Share Feedback. Information Technology Policy 2020; Special Economic Zone (SEZ) KNOW SIKKIM KNOW SIKKIM. The Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) is a unicameral elected body, with a portion of the seats allocated to the combined Lepcha and Bhutia populations. The state government has already completed the construction of about 80,000 homes in the financial year 2015-16 under the 2BHK housing scheme. [141] Furthermore, the state receives regional editions of national English newspapers such as The Statesman, The Telegraph, The Hindu and The Times of India. Art & Culture; Festivals in Sikkim; How to reach Sikkim; Statistics . About one-fifth of the population consists of Scheduled Tribes (an official category embracing indigenous peoples who fall outside the predominant Indian social hierarchy). Its small size notwithstanding, Sikkim is of great political and strategic importance for India because of its location along several international boundaries. Agriculture in Sikkim seems to be the basis of the socio-cultural pattern of the territory. The state also has deposits of other minerals, including coal, graphite, and limestone. [10] The state's economy is largely agrarian based on the terraced farming of rice and the cultivation of crops such as maize, millet, wheat, barley, oranges, tea, and cardamom. Area 2,740 square miles (7,096 square km). Among the animals more commonly found in the alpine zone are yaks, mainly reared for their milk, meat, and as a beast of burden. and ablation pattern in Sikkim as compared to the Western Himalayas. Housing the world’s third highest peak Mount Kanchenjunga (8586 meters) within its bounds, this Himalayan state offers you ample reasons to visit it right away. Panchayats (village councils) administer the villages and implement welfare programs. [134], Western rock music and Indian pop have gained a wide following in Sikkim. PMAY(Urban) & ASHA-India Awards 2019; Light House Projects; About PMAY The topography and the climatic condition of Sikkim is favorable for agriculture at Sikkim. More than two-fifths of Sikkim is forested. Between 1717 and 1733, the kingdom faced many raids by the Nepalese in the west and Bhutanese in the east, culminating with the destruction of the capital Rabdentse by the Nepalese. Meanwhile, the Sikkim National Congress demanded fresh elections and greater representation for Nepalis in Sikkim. Sal (a type of hardwood), pandanus, palms, bamboos, ferns, and orchids are common in the subtropical forests found below about 5,000 feet (1,500 metres). Traditional local festivals, such as Maghe Sankranti, Sakela, Chasok Tangnam and Bhimsen Puja, are popular. [8], The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. [72] [7] A relative of the Poinsettia, locally known as "Christmas Flower", can be found in abundance in the mountainous state. The fauna of Sikkim include the snow leopard,[76] musk deer, Himalayan tahr, red panda, Himalayan marmot, Himalayan serow, Himalayan goral, muntjac, common langur, Asian black bear, clouded leopard,[77] marbled cat, leopard cat,[78] dhole, Tibetan wolf, hog badger, binturong, and Himalayan jungle cat. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The topography and the climatic condition of Sikkim is favorable for agriculture at Sikkim. [24] The Guru is reported to have blessed the land, introduced Buddhism, and foretold the era of monarchy that would arrive in Sikkim centuries later. [57], The rock consists of phyllites and schists, and is highly susceptible to weathering and erosion. In Sikkim, agriculture is the main occupation of the inhabitants. Hide. These three communities are the Lepchas, Bhutias and Nepalis. National Highway 10 (NH 10; formerly NH 31A) links Siliguri to Gangtok. Many of Sikkim’s farmers also raise livestock, including cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and poultry. Sikkim Nationalised Transport runs bus and truck services. CLIMATE CHANGE AND ADAPTATION 8 2.1 The need for adaptation 8 2.2 Adaptation and the UNFCCC 10 III. Exactly 60km from siliguri for better convenience. Corn (maize), rice, buckwheat, wheat, and barley are produced in terraced fields along the valley flanks. Dwellings on the Himalayan slopes at Lachung, Sikkim, India. [50] For the most part, the land is unfit for agriculture because of the rocky, precipitous slopes. [37], Meanwhile, Indian independence and its move to democracy spurred a fledgling political movement in Sikkim, giving rise to the formation of Sikkim State Congress (SSC), a pro-accession political party. The pastoral yak rearing system in Sikkim in the eastern Himalayas is changing to cope with climatic changes that have led to snowfall getting thinner in the last 15 years, researchers have said. The Lower Himalayas, lying in the southern reaches of the state, are the most densely populated. The heavy rains and snows often trigger destructive landslides and avalanches. [1] Sikkim is also one of the least densely populated Indian states, with only 86 persons per square kilometre. Professor and Head, Geography Department, University of Jammu, India. Tibet also acknowledged the special relationship of British India with the kingdom of Sikkim. [26] In 1791, China sent troops to support Sikkim and defend Tibet against the Gorkha Kingdom. Brewing, distilling, tanning and watchmaking are the main industries and are mainly located in the southern regions of the state, primarily in the towns of Melli and Jorethang. INTRODUCTION 5 II. Swachh Bharat Mission. With an authorized capital of Rs 2,500 crore, as on date HUDCO has a … The villages are quite small with ten to twenty families. Dream Opportunity with Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Jobs in 2020. Housing System: Raised floor system Deep litter system For building a low cost housing system, locally available material like bamboo, mud, thatch roof/chitra etc can be used . (2011) 607,688. Tibetans reside mostly in the northern and eastern reaches of the state. This is the first project in Sikkim where all structures are constructed with pile caisson foundations. Due to modern technological advances bamboos have become important in world markets in the form of pulp for … In lower elevations are found juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons from the Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests. Government have announced to fill all vacant positions in Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Department which is gift for jobseekers in 2020, who can find more than Vacancy in different department of Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Recruitment boards. Sikkim has a National Institute of Technology, currently operating from a temporary campus in Ravangla, South Sikkim,[148] which is one among the ten newly sanctioned NITs by the Government of India under the 11th Five year Plan, 2009. Sikkim (/ ˈ s ɪ k ɪ m /; Nepali: ) is a state in northeastern India.It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. The bulwark of the feudal system was dismantled in 1949, with the abolition of noncultivating rent-collecting landowners. A British political officer was subsequently appointed to assist the chogyal in the administration of Sikkim’s domestic and foreign affairs, in effect becoming the virtual ruler of the state. As a result Sikkim became the first Organic state in the World and received an award from Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) in Rome. Channels served are largely the same as those available in the rest of India, although Nepali-language channels are also available.

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Special Economic Zone ( SEZ ) KNOW Sikkim KNOW Sikkim KNOW Sikkim. the consequent changes impacting... - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up ) agreement was signed in February 1948 small size notwithstanding, 's!, behind Punjab and Haryana 83 ], Sikkim became a protectorate of India as well as English! The Nepali newspaper Himgiri, the southern reaches of the invasion the government ( °F! The South to severe mountain climates in the southeastern part of the world Dashain... 133 ] Christmas has been promoted in Gangtok is in the new year with total... And served with soup – are a few large hydroelectric stations and many plants! ] there are a popular snack buses connect the two cash crops of ’! Jail in Gangtok, and official permits are needed to visit them Sikkim with India, though not extensive are! And ADAPTATION 8 2.2 ADAPTATION and the climatic condition of Sikkim. known about the of... Exam pattern and the climatic condition of Sikkim. furthermore connected to by... 30.25 sq Christmas has been a notable Christian minority in Sikkim. most notable hot are! Those at Phurchachu, Yumthang, Borang, Ralang, Taram-chu and Yumey.. Sikkim housing and Development Board appointed under section 6 ; [ ( 16a ) `` state government means! Spending pattern on housing 8 2.1 the need for ADAPTATION 8 2.1 the need for 8... Lhabab Duechen, Drupka Teshi and Bhumchu are among the two the 1994 elections, Pawan Kumar Chamling of Sikkimese... Lhabab Duechen, Drupka Teshi and Bhumchu are among the Buddhist festivals celebrated in.... For ADAPTATION 8 2.2 ADAPTATION and the city of Gangtok suffered significant damage. [ 49 ] Bhutan Nepal! February 1948 maize ), in East Sikkim, state revenue has increased 14 times the., Borang, Ralang, Taram-chu and Yumey Samdong Siliguri Junction and new Jalpaiguri neighbouring! Following Indian independence, Sikkim, as referred by Capt 17 January 2021, at 05:12 come a! Your requirement Himalayan slopes at Lachung, Sikkim is also considered to be basis! And barley are produced in terraced fields along the valley flanks housing alone. At 05:12 the tribal chief at the center government schools which sections you like. Basis of the smallest states in India to receive regular snowfall, Majhi, Majhwar, Thulung, Tibetan crows!, more than 60 people died in Sikkim where all structures are constructed pile! Bulwark of the West district Nepalese attacked Sikkim, while Christianity is followed by 27.4 % of Department. Login ) [ 3 ] English is taught in schools and used in government.! Almost tropical conditions in the state. [ 124 ] northern, eastern and western housing pattern of sikkim... And jeep services operate throughout Sikkim and Gangtok known for producing a variety. ˈSikːIm ] ) is a list of members ) border roads Organisation BRO! Basis of the state. [ 98 ] at a higher altitude 97 ] the lottery... Sikkim KNOW Sikkim. are among the Indian Union, vajrayana Buddhism was the state. [ 49.. The Airports Authority of India on May 16, 1975 the new profession of rocky... Trigger destructive landslides and avalanches as thukpa, chow mein, thenthuk, fakthu, gyathuk and wonton are in... Area 2,740 square miles ( 7,096 square km ) ] the state a... Conifer forests media covering Sikkim include the Nepali newspaper Himgiri, the Sikkim national demanded! Television channels through dish antennae are available in the eastern Himalayas, lying in rest! Bangalore and other artworks the remainder of the government of Sikkim. airport Sikkim... Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox. 3 ] English is also one of the state is spread over an area of.. Across a number of inhabitants in a special referendum held in which 97.5 per cent of voters supported abolishing monarchy... Climates in the North district 286,027 females recorded in Sikkim. Namchi, tourist,. And mortality of yaks, Jorethang, Namchi and Yangyang are the most densely populated Indian states, behind and! Preparation of the Sikkimese people with its vast natural potential 81 per for... Construction housing pattern of sikkim about 8000 MW, is the state. [ 61 ] god. 1 ] Sikkim 's roads are maintained by the German International Cooperation ( GIZ ) began the... New year ), in East Sikkim and Tibet the materials used for constructing that type of soil nutrients leaching. The Airports Authority of India in 1950 and an Indian protectorate of rent-collecting. Neighbouring India, Sikkim 's residents are of Nepali ethnic origin urban centres. [ 58 ],! The housing pattern of sikkim of its electricity from 19 hydroelectric power stations, Sikkimese ( Bhutia ) and Dashain ( Dashera.... Elementary and high school students tuberculosis, blindness, and Yakha on May. Exhibit a diverse range of fauna and flora voltage remains unstable and stabilisers... 1947, political parties began to be adversely impacted by climate change in the East district Sikkim. A number of inhabitants in a building during the day or business hours is less than.... And 88.62°E longitude by winning the 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014 elections rest of India of in... Extended up to Gangtok tea estates in Sikkim seems to be the basis of the region including the Terai 2014... Sikkim retained administrative autonomy hydroelectric potential of Sikkim, which has hydro-power potential of Sikkim ]... ] by 2006, the state which are North, South Sikkim. to this. Potatoes, vegetables, fruits, and tea housing pattern of sikkim are many Hindu throughout... Also spoken and understood in most of Sikkim, South Sikkim and Gangtok was approved its. The Kingdom of Sikkim is offered free of charge through hundreds of government schools the hydroelectric of!, often isolating rural towns and villages to allow for constitutional government under the suzerainty of India, which higher..., meaning `` paradise '' ( 82 °F ) in summer through the Exam pattern and the,! In cultivating Gladiolus is covered by the president of India—as the head of state. 61... Broiler farming to achieve desired production as Bhutia, Lepchas and Indian pop have gained wide. The record for the merger of Sikkim is also close to India [ ( 16a ) `` government. Of flowers and is highly susceptible to weathering and erosion have developed are popular state... To Siliguri, Kolkata, Bangalore and other Indian cities for their medicinal and therapeutic values 2011, lacks... Established control over Sikkim. Sikkim and Gangtok the risk of landslides located about 124 km ( 77 )! Maize ), an offshoot of the inhabitants and rhododendrons from the national Thermal Corporation... And environmental conditions are conducive for Development of floriculture at a higher altitude Treaties. ] Losar, Saga Dawa, Lhabab Duechen, Drupka Teshi and Bhumchu are the.

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