Snowfall ranges from 5 inches (13 cm) in West Tennessee to over 80 inches (200 cm) in the highest mountains in East Tennessee.[37][38]. [131], Tennessee is the leading producer of ball clay in the United States. Bristol – The Birthplace of Country Music (shares this nickname with Bristol, Virginia) Chattanooga. [46] The same year, a French expedition led by missionary Jacques Marquette and trader Louis Jolliet explored the Mississippi River and became the first Europeans to map the Mississippi Valley. On average the state receives 50 inches (130 cm) of precipitation annually. In addition, the women's basketball team has won a host of SEC regular-season and tournament titles along with eight national titles. The state of Tennessee maintains four dedicated law enforcement entities: the Tennessee Highway Patrol, the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA), the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation (TBI), and the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC). Since then, more of the state's voters have shifted to supporting Republicans, and Democratic presidential candidates have carried Tennessee only four times. In 1897, Tennessee celebrated its centennial of statehood one year late with a great exposition in Nashville. [161], Lethal injection was approved by the legislature in 1998, though those who were sentenced to death before January 1, 1999, may request electrocution. It owns 79 acres (32 ha) in Henning, which was placed into federal trust by the tribe in 2012. Tennessee Vols name UCF's White as new AD. Also in 2002, Tennessee amended its state constitution to establish a lottery. [21], The meaning and origin of the word are uncertain. It was designed by John William Gerard de Brahm and constructed by forces under British Captain Raymond Demeré. Legislation included implementation of a poll tax, timing of registration, and recording requirements. [15], In 1953 state legislators amended the state constitution to remove the poll tax. Personal experiences with the name Tennessee. Between 2000 and 2010, the Hispanic population in Tennessee grew by 134.2%, the third highest of any state. Memphis is the economic center of West Tennessee. Tennessee Volunteers. [61] Voters in the state approved the amendment in March. The governor is supported by 22 cabinet-level departments, most headed by a commissioner who serves at the pleasure of the governor: The Executive Branch also includes several agencies, boards and commissions, some of which are under the auspices of one of the cabinet-level departments.[148]. [120] Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area is within the Cumberland Mountains in northeastern Tennessee. Ulysses S. Grant and the U.S. Navy captured control of the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers in February 1862. Over the next decade, the state legislature passed increasingly restrictive laws to control African Americans. Athens – The Friendly City. [141] Memphis was historically home to Sun Records, where musicians such as Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, Roy Orbison, and Charlie Rich began their recording careers, and where rock and roll took shape in the 1950s. The Chattanooga Lookouts and Tennessee Smokies play in the Double-A classification Double-A South. [48] In 1739, Fort Assumption was constructed by the French under Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville on the Mississippi River at the present-day location of Memphis, and used as a base against the Chickasaw during the 1739 Campaign of the Chickasaw Wars. [51] These settlers formed the Watauga Association, a community built on lands leased from the Cherokee. [159] In May 2014, the Tennessee General Assembly passed a law allowing the use of the electric chair for death row executions when lethal injection drugs are not available. [15] Disfranchising legislation accompanied Jim Crow laws passed in the late 19th century, which imposed segregation. The highest recorded temperature is 113 °F (45 °C) at Perryville on August 9, 1930, while the lowest recorded temperature is −32 °F (−36 °C) at Mountain City on December 30, 1917. In addition a number of private colleges and universities are located throughout the state. Find the complete details of Tennessee name on BabyNamesCube, the most trusted source for baby name meaning, numerology, origins, similar names and more! Capital punishment was restarted in 1978, although those prisoners awaiting execution between 1960 and 1978 had their sentences mostly commuted to life in prison. [132] There are sizable reserves of lignite coal in West Tennessee that remain untapped. [95] Although cotton was an early crop in Tennessee, large-scale cultivation of the fiber did not begin until the 1820s with the opening of the land between the Tennessee and Mississippi Rivers. He became president after Lincoln's assassination in 1865. But the Union-backing State of Scott was also established at this time, and remained a de facto enclave of the United States throughout the war. Tennie Tess T Nessie. According to the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, in 2011 Tennessee's real gross state product was $233.997 billion. Many settlers' lives were spared from the initial warrior attacks by the warnings of Dragging Canoe's cousin Nancy Ward. The name must follow the legal guidelines set forth by the state of Tennessee while being memorable enough for your organization to remain in the forefront of … Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 66,412, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 178,125. [70], In 2010, 4.6% of the total population was of Hispanic or Latino origin (they may be of any race), up from 2.2% in 2000. No more than two justices can be from the same Grand Division. Despite the strength of Unionist sentiment in East Tennessee (with the exception of Sullivan County, which was heavily pro-Confederate), Confederates held the area. Despite recognized effects of limiting voting by poor whites, successive legislatures expanded the reach of the disfranchising laws until they covered the state. In the early 18th century, British traders encountered a Cherokee town named Tanasi (or "Tanase") in present-day Monroe County, Tennessee. My full name is _____ _____. The FedEx St. Jude Classic is a PGA Tour golf tournament held at Memphis since 1958. An important trading route called the Natchez Trace, created and used for many generations by American Indians, connected Middle Tennessee to the lower Mississippi River town of Natchez. Concealed carry and open-carry of a handgun is permitted with a Tennessee handgun carry permit or an equivalent permit from a reciprocating state. The first British settlement in what is now Tennessee was built in 1756 by settlers from the colony of South Carolina at Fort Loudoun, near present-day Vonore. [110], Tourism contributes billions of dollars every year to the state's economy, and Tennessee is ranked among the Top 10 destinations in the nation. The name Tennessee is a girl's name of Native American origin. The highest point in the state is Clingmans Dome at 6,643 feet (2,025 m). The Blue Ridge area lies on the eastern edge of Tennessee, which borders North Carolina. The Tennessee–Vanderbilt football rivalry began in 1892, having since played more than a hundred times. [114], In 2013 tourism within the state from local citizens accounted for 39.9% of tourists, the second highest originating location for tourists to Tennessee is the state of Georgia, accounting for 8.4% of tourists. At that time, Tennessee was inhabited by tribes of Muscogee and Yuchi people. In the 2000 presidential election, Vice President Al Gore, a Democratic U.S. This may be a result of the experience of Tennessee residents and other Southerners during the period of military control by Union (Northern) forces of the U.S. government after the American Civil War. The strongest opposition to secession came from East Tennessee, which later tried to form a separate Union-aligned state. Disenfranchising voter registration requirements continued to keep most African Americans and many poor whites, both men and women, off the voter rolls. This explanation is more likely, because President Polk's call for 2,600 nationwide volunteers at the beginning of the Mexican–American War resulted in 30,000 volunteers from Tennessee alone, largely in response to the death of Davy Crockett and appeals by former Tennessee Governor and then Texas politician, Sam Houston.[27]. Tennessee was admitted to the Union on June 1, 1796, as the 16th state. The state's lowest point is the Mississippi River at the Mississippi state line: 178 feet (54 m). Try refreshing your browser, or … Tennessee names UCF's Josh Heupel as head coach Back to video “We looked at a number of potential candidates,” White said Wednesday. Similar to the United States Federal Government, Tennessee's government has three parts. [94], Major outputs for the state include textiles, cotton, cattle, and electrical power. The earliest variant of the name that became Tennessee was recorded by Captain Juan Pardo, the Spanish explorer, when he and his men passed through an American Indian village named "Tanasqui" in 1567 while traveling inland from South Carolina. [39] The state averages about fifty days of thunderstorms per year, some of which can be severe with large hail and damaging winds. Pardo recorded the name "Tanasqui" from a local Indian village, which evolved to the state's current name. The Memphis Redbirds and Nashville Sounds, each of the Triple-A East, compete at the Triple-A level, the highest before Major League Baseball. In 2016, the element tennessine was named for the state, largely in recognition of the roles played by Oak Ridge, Vanderbilt University, and the University of Tennessee in its discovery.[17]. Food is taxed at a lower rate of 4%, but candy, dietary supplements and prepared food are taxed at 7%. Name change is petition… In 1900 African Americans comprised 23.8 percent of the state's population, concentrated in Middle and West Tennessee. The city of Clarksville is a fifth significant population center, 45 miles (72 km) northwest of Nashville. Following Reconstruction, Tennessee continued to have competitive party politics, but in the 1880s, the white-dominated state government passed four laws, the last of which imposed a poll tax requirement for voter registration. The Executive Branch is led by Tennessee's governor, who holds office for a four-year term and may serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. Large corporations with headquarters in Tennessee include FedEx, AutoZone and International Paper, all based in Memphis; Pilot Corporation and Regal Entertainment Group, based in Knoxville; Eastman Chemical Company, based in Kingsport; Hospital Corporation of America and Caterpillar Financial, based in Nashville; and Unum, based in Chattanooga. It has been said to mean "meeting place", "winding river", or "river of the great bend". They went 12-1 in his first season. Citizens of Tennessee are prohibited from legally changing their name under the following circumstances: 1. Tennessee has played a critical role in the development of many forms of American popular music, including rock and roll, blues, country, and rockabilly. A child's last name on her birth certificate must comply with Tennessee law. Nicknames for Tennessee. The Tennessee state motto is similar to one of the Georgia state mottos. [136] Mining activities in the basin resulted in a major environmental disaster, which left the landscape in the basin barren for more than a century. The state is also home to eight teams playing in minor leagues. Tourism-generated jobs for the state reached 152,900, a 2.8% increase. For the river, see, "Tenn" redirects here. [116], Tennessee is home to five National Scenic Byways, including the Natchez Trace Parkway, the East Tennessee Crossing Byway, the Great River Road, The Trace, and the Cherohala Skyway. Efforts to obtain admission to the Union failed, and the counties (now numbering eight) rejoined North Carolina by 1789. [146] An extension of I-69 is proposed to travel through the western part of the state, from South Fulton to Memphis. The upper wedge of the Mississippi Delta extends into southwestern Tennessee, and it was in this fertile section that cotton took hold. Norfolk Southern Railway operates lines in East Tennessee, through cities including Knoxville and Chattanooga, and operates a classification yard near Knoxville, the John Sevier Yard. Adamsville – The Biggest Little Town in Tennessee. Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland. Both the Court of Appeals and the Court of Criminal Appeals have 12 judges. Beale Street in Memphis is considered by many to be the birthplace of the blues, with musicians such as W. C. Handy performing in its clubs as early as 1909. The Southern Baptist Convention maintains its general headquarters in Nashville. As of July 1, 2014, a permit is no longer required to possess a loaded handgun in a motor vehicle. These school districts operate under the direction of the Tennessee Department of Education. Those districts' residents supported the Union over the Confederacy during the Civil War; they identified with the GOP after the war and have stayed with that party ever since. A Tennessee man was charged with a felony for using former President Barack Obama's name on an application for a handgun permit. Tennessee's major industries include agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. It originated as a description of the earlier emigration of the Choctaw nation. [153] Democratic presidential nominees from Southern states, such as Lyndon B. Johnson, Jimmy Carter, and Bill Clinton, usually fare better than their Northern counterparts do in Tennessee, especially among split-ticket voters outside the metropolitan areas. The village is best known as the source of the name for the state of Tennessee. [50] The first permanent European settlers began arriving in the northeastern part of the state in the late 1760s. history.[65]. The latter area includes a large African-American population. Tennessee's only graded stakes horse race, the Iroquois Steeplechase, is also held in Nashville each May. The first recorded European excursions into what is now called Tennessee were three expeditions led by Spanish explorers, namely Hernando de Soto in 1540, Tristan de Luna in 1559, and Juan Pardo in 1567. [91], As of January 1, 2009, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) reported 43,179 members, 10 stakes, 92 Congregations (68 wards and 24 branches), two missions, and two temples in Tennessee.[92]. Tennessee State Nicknames. [32] All three of these basins are tributaries of the Ohio River watershed. The TBI maintains state-of-the-art investigative facilities and is the primary state-level criminal investigative department. When the Emancipation Proclamation was announced, Tennessee was largely held by Union forces and thus was not among the states enumerated in the proclamation, which freed no slaves there. Occupied by Union forces from 1862, it was the first state to be readmitted to the Union at the end of the war. Memphis fell to the Union in June after a naval battle on the Mississippi River in front of the city. [125] Nuclear power is the largest source of electricity generation in Tennessee, producing about 43.7% of its power in 2019. In Memphis, the Tennessee Bottoms end in steep bluffs overlooking the river. In 2003, the per capita personal income was $28,641, 36th in the nation, and 91% of the national per capita personal income of $31,472. Tennessee Williams, playwright. From 1972 to 1978, after the Supreme Court ruled (Furman v. Georgia) capital punishment unconstitutional, there were no further executions. In 1788, North Carolina created "Tennessee County", the third county to be established in what is now Middle Tennessee. Knoxville's McGhee Tyson Airport (TYS) and Chattanooga's Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport (CHA), as well as the Tri-Cities' Tri-Cities Regional Airport (TRI), provide air service to numerous destinations. Tennessee is also a major hub for the automotive industry. California legislators agree on $6.5B deal to reopen schools; Joe Biden set to pledge $4B to COVAX. [130] Today, Tennessee is the third-largest hydroelectric power-producing state east of the Rocky Mountains. Tennessee man arrested for forging Obama's name on handgun permit Back to video We apologize, but this video has failed to load. [166] Then Governor Bill Haslam signed legislation that started the Tennessee Promise program. Areas under the control and management of the National Park Service include the following: Fifty-four state parks, covering some 132,000 acres (530 km2) as well as parts of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and Cherokee National Forest, and Cumberland Gap National Historical Park are in Tennessee. In Nashville, the Vanderbilt Commodores are also charter members of the SEC. [109] Intangible property tax is assessed on the shares of stock of stockholders of any loan, investment, insurance, or for-profit cemetery companies. The state is trisected by the Tennessee River. The modern spelling, Tennessee, is attributed to James Glen, the governor of South Carolina, who used this spelling in his official correspondence during the 1750s. Meanwhile, the men's basketball team has won four SEC championships and reached the NCAA Elite Eight in 2010. [33] The entirety of the state is in the Mississippi River watershed, except for a small area in Bradley and Polk counties traversed by the Conasauga River, which is part of the Mobile Bay watershed.[34]. [52] The next year, Bean received a 3,000 acres (12 km2) land grant in the area he previously surveyed for settlement during his excursion with Boone for his service in the American Revolutionary War. A full-scale replica of the Parthenon was constructed for the celebration, in what is now Nashville's Centennial Park. Tennessee Rhyming, similar names and popularity. In 1714, a group of French traders under Charles Charleville's command established a fur trading post at the present location of downtown Nashville, which became known as French Lick. [11], The state of Tennessee is rooted in the Watauga Association, a 1772 frontier pact generally regarded as the first constitutional government west of the Appalachians. Under Johnson's lenient readmission policy, Tennessee was the first of the seceding states to have its elected members readmitted to Congress, on July 24, 1866. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Tennessee was 6,829,174 on July 1, 2019, an increase of 483,069 people since the 2010 United States Census, or 7.61%. Tennessee has had several State Name, but the most popular is " The Volunteer State ." On June 8, with people in Middle Tennessee having significantly changed their position, voters approved a second referendum on secession, becoming the last state to do so. [121], Tennessee's electric utilities are regulated monopolies, as in many other states. The Tennessee legislature ratified an agreement to enter a military league with the Confederate States on May 7, 1861. [113] International travelers to Tennessee accounted for $533 million in spending. [68] In recent years, Tennessee has received an influx of people relocating from California, Florida, New York, New Jersey and the New England States for the low cost of living, and the booming healthcare and automobile industries. Moreover, the Rockabilly Hall of Fame, an online site recognizing the development of rockabilly in which Tennessee played a crucial role, is based in Nashville. Generally, the state has hot summers and mild to cool winters with generous precipitation throughout the year, with highest average monthly precipitation generally in the winter and spring months, between December and April. I am a resident of (Current Legal Name) _____ County, Tennessee, residing at _____. Tens of thousands of taxpaying citizens were without representation for decades into the 20th century. The need to create work for the unemployed during the Great Depression, a desire for rural electrification, and the need to control annual spring flooding and improve shipping capacity on the Tennessee River were all factors that drove the federal creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in 1933. [111], While sales tax remains the main source of state government funding, property taxes are the primary source of revenue for local governments. It has been said to mean "meeting place", "winding river", or "river of the great bend". In this valley are numerous towns and two of the region's three urban areas, Knoxville, the third largest city in the state, and Chattanooga, the fourth largest city in the state. After its completion, Demeré relinquished command on August 14, 1757, to his brother, Captain Paul Demeré. The TWRA is an independent agency tasked with enforcing all wildlife, boating, and fisheries regulations outside of state parks. Generally, for areas outside the highest mountains, the average overnight lows are near freezing for most of the state. (Tennessee County was the predecessor to present-day Montgomery and Robertson counties.) County officers regulated the vote by providing opportunities to pay the tax (as they did in Knoxville), or conversely by making payment as difficult as possible. Quick Facts Name Tennessee Williams Birth Date March 26, 1911 Death Date February 25, 1983 Education University of Iowa, University City High School, Soldan High School, University of … Individuals over the age of eighteen (18) years of age have the right to apply for a legal name change in Tennessee by filing a petition with their County’s Chancery Court. [74] That same year Non-Hispanic whites were 75.6% of the population, compared to 63.7% of the population nationwide. These served to disenfranchise most African Americans, and their power in state and local politics was markedly reduced. In 1682 an expedition led by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle constructed Fort Prudhomme on the Chickasaw Bluffs near the mouth of the Hatchie River in West Tennessee. Tennessee is home to four major professional sports franchises: the Tennessee Titans have played in the National Football League since 1997, the Memphis Grizzlies have played in the National Basketball Association since 2001, the Nashville Predators have played in the National Hockey League since 1998, and Nashville SC has played in Major League Soccer since 2020. Tennessee is home to the most caves in the United States, with more than ten thousand documented. Tennessee's 1st and 2nd congressional districts, based in the Tri-Cities and Knoxville, respectively, are among the few historically Republican districts in the South. Heupel has been UCF’s head coach the past three seasons. Tennessee Virtual Archive (TeVA): A digital archive of Tennessee history and culture, this site contains many collections of interest to genealogists, including several on the Civil War. [113] In 2014 a record 100 million people visited the state resulting in $17.7 billion in tourism related spending within the state, an increase of 6.3% over 2013; tax revenue from tourism equaled $1.5 billion. Tennessee's legislature approved an amendment to the state constitution prohibiting slavery on February 22, 1865. The Confederates besieged Chattanooga during the Chattanooga Campaign in early fall 1863, but were driven off by Grant in November. Because Tennessee had ratified the Fourteenth Amendment, it was the only one of the formerly secessionist states that did not have a military governor during the Reconstruction period. The National Archives at Atlanta : This facility maintains records from Federal agencies and courts in Tennessee, including census, military, court, naturalization, and immigration records. Tennessee's Bob Corker was the only freshman Republican elected to the U.S. Senate in the 2006 midterm elections. Select a Business Structure. In the early 21st century, Republican voters control most of the state, especially in the more rural and suburban areas outside of the cities; Democratic strength is mostly confined to the urban cores of the four major cities, and is particularly strong in the cities of Nashville and Memphis. In 2002, businessman Phil Bredesen was elected Tennessee's 48th governor. For the Japanese MC, see, Map of the United States with Tennessee highlighted. Political scientist V. O. “Art is good when it springs from necessity. The Baker v. Carr (1962) decision of the U.S. Supreme Court established the principle of "one man, one vote", requiring state legislatures to redistrict to bring Congressional apportionment in line with decennial censuses. Unionization has historically been low and continues to decline as in most of the U.S. generally. In 94 of the 95 counties the Sheriff is the chief law enforcement officer in the county and has jurisdiction over the county as a whole. Tennessee earned the nickname "The Volunteer State" during the War of 1812, when many Tennesseans stepped in to help with the war effort, especially at the Battle of New Orleans. (Tennessee County was the predecessor to current-day Montgomery County and Robertson County). The meaning and origin of the word are uncertain. Convicted of murder or a sexual offense 2. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). [42] Winter storms are an occasional problem, such as the infamous Blizzard of 1993, although ice storms are a more likely occurrence. [143][144] Multiple brick-and-mortar museums recognize Tennessee's role in nurturing various forms of popular music: the Memphis Rock N' Soul Museum, the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum and National Museum of African American Music in Nashville, and the International Rock-A-Billy Museum in Jackson. The tax rate was 6% from 1937 to 2016, but was completely phased out by January 1, 2021. Tennessee introduced Josh Heupel as its new head coach on Wednesday, one week after firing Jeremy Pruitt. The Appalachian Mountains dominate the eastern part of the state, and the Mississippi River forms its western border. [35] Interstates 24, 40, 65, and 840 service the Division, with the first three meeting in Nashville. For passenger rail service, Memphis and Newbern, are served by the Amtrak City of New Orleans line on its run between Chicago, Illinois, and New Orleans, Louisiana. The bicameral Legislative Branch, known as the Tennessee General Assembly, consists of the 33-member Senate and the 99-member House of Representatives. Tennessee (/ˌtɛnəˈsiː/ (listen),[8][9] locally /ˈtɛnəsi/[10]), officially the State of Tennessee, is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States. Tennessee State Park Rangers are responsible for all activities and law enforcement inside the Tennessee State Parks system. I-155 is a branch highway from I-55. Chattanooga and Knoxville, both in the east near the Great Smoky Mountains, are about a third that size. The planned community of Oak Ridge was built from scratch to provide accommodations for the facilities and workers. It is part of the large geographic land area that begins at the Gulf of Mexico and extends north into southern Illinois. The last major battles came when the Confederates invaded Middle Tennessee in November 1864 and were checked at Franklin, then completely dispersed by George Thomas at Nashville in December. In Tennessee, the Gulf Coastal Plain is divided into three sections that extend from the Tennessee River in the east to the Mississippi River in the west. The state line between Tennessee and North Carolina crosses the summit. [132] Coal production in Tennessee peaked in 1972, and today less than 0.1% of coal production in the United States comes from Tennessee mines. The frontier fort on the banks of the Watauga River later served as a 1780 staging area for the Overmountain Men in preparation to trek over the Appalachian Mountains, to engage and later defeat the British Army at the Battle of Kings Mountain in South Carolina. [69], The center of population of Tennessee is located in Rutherford County, in the city of Murfreesboro. [52] He constructed a four-room cabin on the site, which served as his family's permanent home and an inn for prospective settlers, fur traders, and longhunters, thus establishing the first reported permanent settlement in Tennessee, which became known as Bean Station in present-day Grainger County. After the war, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory became a key center of scientific research. [155][156][157] After decades in which urban populations had been underrepresented in many state legislatures, this significant ruling led to an increased (and proportional) prominence in state politics by urban and, eventually, suburban, legislators and statewide officeholders in relation to their population within the state. Exempt from this tax by area and the counties ( now numbering eight ) rejoined North ceded. 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